Hypertension is increase in the blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force which blood exerts on the walls of the vessels from which it travels. Blood pressure depends on the lumen and thickness of the blood vessels. Almost half of the population of developed countries is suffering from hypertension.
Hypertension can lead to serious conditions in the body like cardiac issues, aneurysm, and kidney failure. Blood pressure should be kept under control to avoid serious illnesses. The exact cause of hypertension is not known. It is affected by many factors from weight to genetics. Hypertension can be a symptom of other diseases like hyperaldosteronism.
Some causes of hypertension are modifiable and can be controlled while others are non-modifiable and cannot be controlled.
Modifiable causes are the following:
- Physical activity
Non-modifiable causes are the following:
Hypertension is diagnosed by taking measurements through sphygmomanometer. At least two readings of high blood pressure are necessary for labelling a person a known case of hypertension.
Once diagnosed with hypertension, proper monitoring is necessary to avoid its complications. People with hypertension spend normal life when they take care to manage it properly. It is also a chronic disease which is managed not treated. Home remedies play very efficient role in managing hypertension.
However, consultation with your doctor is necessary to avoid problems.
Ideas for tasks:
At least 8 hours sleep a day
Only use 15 to 20gms of fat/oil/butter daily
Limit salt (sodium chloride) to 5gms daily
Take potassium containing food like bananas at least 150gms per day
Take at least 12 to 16 glasses of water daily
Limit the use of rice in your meal to 100gms once a week
Avoid beef and eat fish frequently
Eat 2 to 3 servings of vegetables and fruits daily. Each serving of 100gms either fruit or vegetable or mixed.
Exercise daily/walk for 30 min at least 5 days a week
Meditation for 10 minutes daily
Job timings should not exceed 9 hours/day and 6 days/week
Frequently check your blood pressure at least thrice a week
Take your medicines prescribed by doctor daily
Avoid cold drinks and coffee
No alcohol consumption